reports, papers, and articles, 1978-1990; newspaper clippings, 1978-1999, with
index, 1978-1995; photographs and slides, 1978-1989; audio and video cassettes,
1978-1986; personal interviews and field notes, 1978-1987; correspondence and
materials relating to environmental activists and organizations, including Lois
Gibbs and the Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes, Inc., 1978-1989,
Processed by Buffalo History Museum staff,
This collection was donated by Dr. Levine over the period 1993-1995.
The slide show and audio cassette tapes for "Love Canal: The Issues and The
Controversies" were donated by the State University of New York at Buffalo,
along with video cassette tape no. 3, "Love Canal" (undated).
Acc. no. 93-63.
Dr. Adeline Levine was a professor of sociology at the State
University of New York at Buffalo from 1968 to 1990. She conducted research on
the sociological aspects of the Love Canal controversy from 1978 on. She has
written many papers and articles on Love Canal, and in 1982, she published
Love Canal: Science, Politics, and People
(available in the BECHS library).
The Love Canal is an area of land located in the city of Niagara
Falls, New York. In the 1800's William Love attempted, unsuccessfully, to dig a
canal linking his lands with the Niagara River. Hooker Chemical and Plastics
Corporation gained title to the land, and allegedly used the site as a toxic
waste dump. In 1953, Hooker transferred the parcel to the Niagara Falls Board
of Education. The land was subsequently zoned residential, and part of the
parcel was used to build the 99th Street School. The impact of toxic chemicals
on the health of area residents became a topic of controversy, and the site was
declared a federal emergency disaster area. Residents, Hooker, and state and
federal governmental agencies became embroiled in disputes over scientific
studies and proposed courses of action. The area was declared, habitable in
July of 1982. A 1994 decision in
U.S. v. Hooker denied punitive damages for
Love Canal residents. Legislation is still ongoing.
The bulk of the collection consists of materials from 1978-1995, but a
few materials on Niagara Falls history, Hooker Chemical Corporation, and the
land transfer of the Love Canal, pre-date the 1970's.
The first series of the collection consists of the interviews of Love
Canal residents conducted by Levine in 1978 and 1979. The second series
contains field notes written by Levine (and others) covering the period August
15, 1978 to 1987. These notes describe events and experiences relating to Love
Canal, and contain correspondence, ephemera, and various other materials. These
two series are open by special permission only (see below for more
The third series contains miscellaneous materials collected by Levine
while at Love Canal, including forms and questionnaires distributed to
residents; information on liver tests and compound testing; and maps.
IV contains Levine's own research on Love Canal. Materials from
a 1978-1979 seminar conducted by Levine at the University at Buffalo, including
students' papers, make up the first subseries. Levine's own papers, talks, and
published articles, including manuscript drafts and notes, are arranged
chronologically. The series also contains materials relating to the writing,
publication and publicity of Levine's book,
her slide presentation, "Love Canal: The Issues and The Controversies". Lastly,
copies of materials donated to the University at Buffalo archives are included,
and are arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
The fifth series contains information on citizens' groups and
grassroots environmental organizations; the Love Canal Homeowners Association,
and Lois Gibb's activities at Love Canal; Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous
Wastes, Inc., organized by Gibbs; the Ecumenical Task Force; and materials and
newsletters from various other groups.
VI contains reports, advertisements, and publications by and
about Hooker Chemical and the Chemical Manufacturer's Association. Series VII
includes census information for Niagara Falls, information on the history of
the area and on William Love, and materials on the Niagara Falls Board of
Education. Series VIII contains transcripts of testimony and other materials
relating to state and congressional hearings on Love Canal, and copies of
lawsuits and complaints filed by various parties.
The ninth series is made up of documents and correspondence produced
by governmental agencies; it includes the New York State Department of Health
Collected Documents on Love Canal. The tenth series contains reports and
research produced by scholars and governmental agencies from 1977-1983, and
articles clipped by Levine for her own research. Subseries X.B. includes
reports from Beverly Paigen, a cancer research scientist at Roswell Park
Memorial Institute, who volunteered her services to the Love Canal
Photographs, as well as negatives and slides, taken of the Love Canal
area and residents, from 1978-1989 make up Series XI. The twelfth series
contains newspaper clippings, 1978-1995. The articles cover all aspects of the
Love Canal disaster and persons involved, as well as news on other
environmental disasters and toxic pollution. The articles have been taken from
, and a number of
other papers. Levine's article index is included, and notations have been made
to indicate which articles are contained in the collection.
The last series contains audio cassettes of Levine and others,
1978-1983; and video cassettes, including
by Lynn Corcoran.
This collection is arranged in thirteen Series:
II. Field Notes
III. Collected Materials
IV. Levine Research
V. Citizens Groups
VI. Hooker and Chemical Manufacturers Association
VII. Niagara Falls and William Love
VIII. Legal Aspects
IX. Government Documents
X. Research and Reports
XI. Photographs, Negatives, and Slides
XII. Newspaper Clippings
XIII. Audio and Video Cassettes.
No further accruals are expected to this collection.
Collection Access & Use
I and II are open by special permission only. Users must
present scholarly credentials and sign an authorization form, stating that
identities of participants will not be revealed. A copy of the authorization
form will be retained by BECHS and Dr. Levine. The materials shall not be
reproduced by any means (photographs, photocopies, or electronic scanning).
These requirements will remain in force until 2045, or until such time as the
Archivist or Dr. Levine see fit.
Copyright of papers in the collection may be held by their authors,
or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written
permission of the holder(s) of copyright and the Buffalo History Museum before publishing quotations from materials in the
[Description and dates], Box/folder number, Mss. C94-2, Adeline
Levine Love Canal Collection, 1893-1995 (bulk 1978-1995), Research Library,
Buffalo History Museum.
Shackman. "Accuracy of interview self-reports in
estimating prevalence of health problems."
Date: March 26, 1979
Date: May 2, 1979
Subseries IV.C.: Levine Papers, Talks, Articles
Arrangement: Arranged in three sections:
Subseries : Papers
Date: November 30, 1961
Date: August 24-27, 1979
Date: March 1981
Date: October 27-28, 1981
Date: April 18, 1982
Includes other papers and reports from conference:
Edelstein: "Social Impacts of A1 Turi Landfill, Inc."; Third Annual Report.
Technical Advisory Committee on the Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program, June
1982; Krawetz. "Hazardous Waste Management: A Review of Social Concerns and
Aspects of Public Involvement." (Dept. of Environment, Alberta)
Date: October 24-27, 1982
Conference on Social Impact Assessment, continued.
Conference on Social Impact Assessment, continued.
Date: April 19, 1983
Date: April 22, 1983
Date: September 2, 1983
Date: October 19, 1983
Date: April 12, 1984
Date: June 20, 1984
Date: August 26, 1984
Date: August 1984
Date: August 1984
Date: March 19, 1988
Date: May 19, 1989
Subseries : Levine Talks
Date: May 10, 1979
Date: January 22, 1981
Date: January 11, 1982
Date: March 10, March 12 and April 2,
Date: April and August, 1982
Date: December 3, 1982
Date: March 15, 1983
Date: April 27, 1983
Date: May 12, 1983
Date: August 2, 1983
Date: January 5, 1984
Subseries : Levine Articles
Subseries VI.D.: Various
Slide show scripts and identification
Date: September 1978-February 1979
Subseries VI.E.: Book Materials
Date: January 1980-December 1981
Date: May 1979-June 1980
Date: December 1981, November-December
Date: December 1981-March 1982
Date: April-August 1982
Date: September 1982-Summer 1983
Subseries VI.F: SUNYAB Archives
Copies of documents donated to UB, by correspondent,
Copies of documents donated to UB, L-N
Copies of documents donated to UB, P-W
Series V.: Citizens Groups
Arrangement: Arranged in three series:
Subseries V.A.: Love Canal Homeowners Association
Love Canal Homeowners Association (LCHA)
Date: September 1978-August 6, 1979
Date: August 10-December 1979
Date: January-July 1980
Date: August-December 1980, June-July, November
Subseries V.B.: Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes,
Date: December 27, 1983 and April 13, 1984
CCHW manuals (drafts). "How Important Are Community
Organizations and Can Citizens Really Fight Major Corporations and Government?"
and untitled (law).
Love Canal: A Chronology of Events that
Shaped a Movement
Date: April 13, 1985
CCHN. Health survey questionnaires; internship program
Subseries V.C.: Various
Date: November 12, 1979
Date: March 20, 1979-August 1, 1980; August 1, 1980-January
31, 1981; June 23, 1983
Other grass roots organizations and environmental
Series VI.: Hooker and Chemical Manufacturers Association